From the Neolithic people used to weave carpets (period in which the tissue was associated to the creation of the word). The most ancient carpet dates from 7200 BC, found in Palestine.
Since then textiles became coloured with plant extracts and insects (Armenian cochineal, indigo, pomegranate, pepper, saffron…)
Arab people were the ones who truly developed the textile industry during the middle Ages, (sometimes the Arab Muslim civilization is presented as a textile civilization).
First carpets were made with linen, an abundant plant in the Nile Delta. They were also made with hemp. Although cotton was known since ancient times, it was incorporated later in the production of carpets.