From the Neolithic people used to weave carpets (period in which the tissue was associated to the creation of the word). The most ancient carpet dates from 7200 BC, found in Palestine.
Since then textiles became coloured with plant extracts and insects (Armenian cochineal, indigo, pomegranate, pepper, saffron…)
Arab people were the ones who truly developed the textile industry during the middle Ages, (sometimes the Arab Muslim civilization is presented as a textile civilization).
First carpets were made with linen, an abundant plant in the Nile Delta. They were also made with hemp. Although cotton was known since ancient times, it was incorporated later in the production of carpets.
In the western world, the concept of “old” implies certain values that turn antiques into exclusive artistic treasures. In Africa, however, this concept does not necessarily imply the same values; therefore when an antique is bought in Africa, in reality is an old and sometimes shabby item. This is the reason why The African Touch brings to this art gallery many beautiful and high quality traditional African pieces of art which are valued regarding its aesthetics, symbolism, meaning and history; not regarding its age.
The World Sacred Music Festival in Fez was first held in 1994 by Mohammed Kabbaj and Faouzi Skali as a response to the first Gulf War in 1991.
This festival aims to show spirituality through music and, in general, the creation of a peaceful culture that fosters a diverse globalization and respects the ethical, spiritual and universal harmony values.
In 2001 the festival was awarded by the UN as one of the events that has most contributed to an understanding among civilizations and is listed among the 12 most important events for the promotion of peace.
This festival takes place every year in early June in one of the most important and monumental environments of the city of Fez in Morocco; and evenings are famous due to performances taken place by many artists coming from all corners of the world and different cultures.
The festival is managed by Fondation Esprit de Fès. In USA the organization Spirit of Fes Inc., organizes every two years a Festival program and Fès Forum in several American cities.
The nomadic and Berber tribes continue weaving in traditional looms, similar to those that originated in the Neolithic.
These carpets are simple and made with materials common in every little town. An asymmetrical knot (also known as Berber knot) is included with 8-shaped around two warps and woof.