Suzani is a good example of the Silk Road over centuries. The oldest suzani record was provided by the Castilian ambassador in Tamerlane (15th Century). It is a type of embroidered and decorative tribal textile made in Central Asian countries (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan…). The households in those regions have suzani pieces across rooms and turn them baroque.
There are several types of Suzani (Bukhara, Lakai, Samarkand…). They are normally made by stripes which are sewn forming a single Suzani piece of art. These stripes are shared among women of every family who are the ones in charge of knitting. This is part of bride’s dowry.
Suzanis usually have a cotton fabric base when embroidered in silk thread and a silken fabric base when embroidered in cotton thread. The most common motifs are part of Zoroastrianism iconography and include sun and moon disks, pomegranates and tulips.