The term kilim comes from Turkish and Eastern Persian. It means “covering”. Kilims are flat tapestry carpets woven by passing the weave through the warp; this is one of its uniqueness that determines its design. Geometric patterns are the most common: Diagonal lines mainly forming reversed diamonds and triangles that are spread across the design, by creating a border or following a pattern, some of them with symmetrical patterns covering the entire bottom of the carpet. As well as decorations, colours give an ideal touch to kilims: Maroon, blue, dark brown.
Rugs manufactured by women from the Berber tribes of the Upper Atlas region of Morocco, made from recycled textiles with wonderful colouring in which the female universe is embodied violently and smugly. These highly original rugs are aesthetically very powerful and whose shapes and colours are striking and daring.
The craftswomen do not follow any predefined guidelines or patterns when manufacturing these rugs, rather they improvise freehand without placing any limits on the creative spirit to achieve their goal.
Recycled materials used create a bond between primitive and modern art forms. A genuine canvas of modern abstract art, like a Kandinsky painting displayed without contrivances on the floor.
Until rather recently, these rugs were not traded due to the apparent scarcity of their materials, however, they have begun to appear in western markets as a result of their authenticity and aesthetic worth.
The non-Arab cultures are inspired by nature; however Arabs in general are based on Turkish carpets due to theological ethics.
The carpet is the main furniture object for Arab cultures. They are highly important and some cities have even given their names to certain types of fabric such as muslin (Mosul), fustat (Cairo or Fustat).
Suzani is a good example of the Silk Road over centuries. The oldest suzani record was provided by the Castilian ambassador in Tamerlane (15th Century). It is a type of embroidered and decorative tribal textile made in Central Asian countries (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan…). The households in those regions have suzani pieces across rooms and turn them baroque.
There are several types of Suzani (Bukhara, Lakai, Samarkand…). They are normally made by stripes which are sewn forming a single Suzani piece of art. These stripes are shared among women of every family who are the ones in charge of knitting. This is part of bride’s dowry.
Suzanis usually have a cotton fabric base when embroidered in silk thread and a silken fabric base when embroidered in cotton thread. The most common motifs are part of Zoroastrianism iconography and include sun and moon disks, pomegranates and tulips.
Environments of today are inspired by the immense plains of the Savannah with its unique colours and patterns. The African look is full of emotion and power like nature in its pure state and therefore is strongly linked to nature. This look focuses on ethnical and primitive aspects, as well as on things mankind can create with their bare hands. Decoration items are warm, attractive, mysterious, cosy, relaxing… these details undoubtedly turn a house into a home.
From the Neolithic people used to weave carpets (period in which the tissue was associated to the creation of the word). The most ancient carpet dates from 7200 BC, found in Palestine.
Since then textiles became coloured with plant extracts and insects (Armenian cochineal, indigo, pomegranate, pepper, saffron…)
Arab people were the ones who truly developed the textile industry during the middle Ages, (sometimes the Arab Muslim civilization is presented as a textile civilization).
First carpets were made with linen, an abundant plant in the Nile Delta. They were also made with hemp. Although cotton was known since ancient times, it was incorporated later in the production of carpets.
African inspiration in fashion and decoration is highly surprising; however it never comes with its own geographical description and is substituted by adjectives which are true and unequivocal but also ambiguous and misleading with the term “African”.
Throughout these years, we have seen many fashion and decoration accessories with the title “oriental”, “Zen”, “Chinois” and even “tribal”. However, the African inspiration (sometimes designed, manufactured and imported directly from the African continent) has experience the opposite: Its name is avoided and is substituted by others more interesting for consumers: “printed clothes”, “colonial evocations”…
ANIMAL COLOUR.-Animals invade everything. Armchairs, cushions, trophies. Zoo scenarios include wild animals like rhinoceros and hippopotamus.
THINK PRINT.- Landscapes, animals, faces and everything belonging to the real world is printed in these decorative objects. After Tibetan ethnic groups, the African continent is proud of its high decorative impact.